Untermenschen (inferior people) is a term from the National Socialist ideology. It is the counterpart of the term Űbermenschen (superior people). This term was first used by the German philosopher Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (1844-1900), and later it was reformulated by the Nazis and used in their racial doctrine. The Nazi ideology believed that the Germanic people, which they called the Aryan race, were superior to other people. Jews, Sinti, and Roma, as well as Slavic people, Asians, homosexuals, and people who are born with handicaps were considered Untermenschen.