Young people in the 20th century who followed agricultural training with the goal of immigrating and settling in Palestine.
Some Jewish youth believed that establishing a Jewish state in Palestine was the only solution to the increasing anti-Semitism in Europe. The preparation, known as hakhsharah, was necessary to learn the skills that were required in the undeveloped area. The course was also a requirement for obtaining a British immigration visa, known as a Palestine certificate. Younger pioneers attended a special training programme called the Youth Aliyah.