A prison camp in Austria near a stone quarry where prisoners were force to do extremely heavy labour. The camp commanders of Mauthausen were exceptionally cruel. The hardships often led to death within days.
In February 1941, the Dutch people learned about what went on in the prison camp Mauthausen. On 22 and 23 February, following an incident that left a member of the NSB dead, a massive razzia (roundup) was held (the first in the Netherlands and the cause for the February Strike). More than 400 Jewish men were arrested and deported to Mauthausen in Austria via the camps Schoort in the Netherlands and Buchenwald in Germany. Soon afterwards death notices began to arrive. Unlike in other concentration camps, the atrocities that took place in Mauthausen were common knowledge. SS commander Rauter used the threat of deportation to Mauthausen to suppress resistance against the regime.
For more information see the websites: www.remember.org/camps/mauthausen (English) and Mauthausen memorial (German, with English pages).