The rest of the Netherlands was liberated only eight months after the allies had set foot on the southern part of the Netherlands. On 4 May 1945, the Germans capitulated in Northwest Europe. Since then, the
Netherlands commemorates the victims of the war on the 4th of May and the liberation of the country on the 5th of May. Nevertheless, there were casualties also after 4 May 1945.
On 7 May - the day on which the Canadian forces entered the city - German soldiers shot at a crowd of people celebrating in Amsterdam; 22 people were killed. In the midst of the celebration Jews who had been in hiding in Amsterdam and in other places throughout the country left their hiding places. They were also happy the war was over, but their joy was mixed with fear about the fate of their family and friends. Slowly but surely it became clear that very few Jews had survived the concentration camps. The massive scale of the Shoah became clear. Often, no family, friends, or acquaintances returned. In total, 102,000 Jews did not return from the concentration and extermination camps. Jews who had survived the camps or had been in hiding were tormented by the idea: ‘Why me and not them?'